Surface engineering combines methods for directional changes of physical and chemical properties of the material surface layers by deformation, modification, deposition of films, coatings, protective layers using various combined methods
New materials are composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic, glass-fiber reinforced plastic, basalt fiber reinforced polymers, aramid plastic and metal composites, high-tech ceramics – aluminum, zirconia, oxide, nitride, carbide ceramics and others, new construction materials – new insulating materials from foam glass, modifying agents of roadway surfacing based on rubber powder or polymer fibers, new concrete types. The application range of new materials is the widest – space and aircraft industry, construction engineering, medicine, protection and safety
The technology implies changing the shape and dimensions of billets due to the effect of applied forces with a subsequent result saving. The shape and dimensions of the product do not change after the pressure loss. In order to increase the plasticity, metal is heated to the specific temperature before the beginning of the treatment. The temperature is determined individually for each type of the material depending on its specific physical and chemical characteristics
Depending on the requirements made to operational characteristics of parts, there are three types of coatings
Casting production is a field of mechanical engineering which deals with formed parts and billets by pouring the molten metal into the moulds where their cavity have the configuration of required parts
In the casting process, metal solidifies in the mould during the cooling process obtaining a casting mold – a finished part or a billet which can be mechanically treated if it is necessary (increase of the dimension accuracy and roughness reduction). In this respect, the casting production has the task to obtain casting moulds where the dimensions and the shape are as close as possible to the dimensions and the shape of the finished part. From 50% to 95% of all parts in machines and industrial equipment are manufactured by casting into moulds
On April 15, 2021 the industrial ion nitriding machine was placed into service at OJSC «Gomselmash». This is the fourth machine that has been supplied to the enterprise by the Institute’s specialists.
PTI NAS of Belarus and OJSC «Gomselmash» have had a successful cooperation for many years.
The Physical-Technical Institute of NAS of Belarus is one of the few world producers of the equipment for treating parts by ion-plasma thermochemical methods of treatment. The ion thermochemical treatment technology has many significant advantages. Time expenditures and energy costs, environmental load on the environment are significantly reduced. The pollutant emission into the atmosphere is practically excluded. There is a positive effect on the industrial safety. The ion-plasma nitriding excludes such dangerous industrial factors as ammonia and explosive endogas application. They are still used at some enterprises for the development of the technological atmosphere when treating parts in furnaces.